SUMMARY OF THE
WORMER REPORT THAT
APPEARED IN THE UNITED CAPRINE NEWS
The use of herbs as an
anthelmintic (dewormer) would have to be considered an alternative
medicine. If goats go without worming for two long it can cause
anemia, poor growth, lower reproductive success, a drop in milk
production and increased susceptibility to disease. Untreated goats
contaminate the area where they are confined which leads to even
greater parasite problems.
In the face of an
increasingly inadequate system of conventional dewormers, a growing
number of people are turning to alternatives to address the needs of
Chemical dewormers have
many serious drawbacks. The trick with chemical dewormers is to know
when to administer them so as to kill the worms before they have a
chance to lay eggs. Dewormers only kill the maturing worm stage but
have no effect on the other life cycles, i.e., eggs, larva and pupa.
If you miss the "magic moment" and the worms have laid
eggs, you will have to re-do the whole treatment when those other
life cycles reach maturity. But when is that? Opinions vary - 10
days, 2 weeks? Sooner? Later? Who knows for sure?
advice is often difficult to get and straight answers about
over-the-counter dewormers are even more elusive. How often should
the goats be treated for worms? When should the treatment be
repeated? What types of worms do the different chemicals kill? Can I
give dewormer to my pregnant does? What is the slaughter and milk
withdrawal time after worming? Are any chemicals approved for goats?
How will I know if the worms have become resistant to a particular
chemical? If I have to change dewormers, which one do I change to?
What is the correct dosage of an injectable type dewormer if I give
it orally? Is it a sound health practice to orally dose with a
pour-on wormer? UGH! These and a swarm of other pressing questions
continue to plague goat owners and the answers seem to depend more
on the opinion of who you ask then on any factual data.
Excerpts from a report
featured in the United Caprine News may shed some light on
the subject of natural herbal dewormer versus chemicals:
The test was Ivermectin vs Hoegger's Herbal Wormer
Testing involved 29 goats divided into 2 groups including milkers,
wethers, dry does and bucks.
The types of parasites that were being observed were:
papilosus - A small slender roundworm which enters
through the skin adn teat openings. Larva climb up through the
skin between the hooves. This is a parasite of the small
Dictyocaulus (lungworm) - Eaten as larva, which
burrow through the mucosa and migrate through the bloodstream to
the lungs where they develop into adults in the bronchi. Adults
lay eggs that are coughed up, swallowed and passed with feces.
Manezia (tapeworm) - Pass egg packets which may
appear round, square or triangular. Tapeworms attach themselves
with hooks to the internal wall of the intestines and absorb
nutrients from the animal.
"Overall, the herbal group always had lower parasite
Strongyloides (threadworms) and Muellerius
(tapeworms) were found in 0% of the herbal test group but 29% to
33% in the chemical group.
Lungworms were found and 33% of the herbal group and in 21% of the
chemical group. This is a significant difference. The herbal
dewormer offers good control.
The Herbal worming works
better than Ivermectin. The Herbal group always had lower numbers of
parasites than the chemical group. This shows that Herbal offers
better control and can keep worm loads down to safe numbers. All of
the parasites were in lower quantities in the Herbal group.
Advantage of chemical
wormer was that it was administered less frequently. Disadvantages
were that it was less effective, may cause damage to brain tissue,
does not maintain control of worms and depending on the type of
chemical used, requires "dumping" the milk for an
undetermined length of time.
The herbal worming had
the advantage of better control of worms, contains no damaging
chemicals and never requires dumping the milk. The disadvantage was
that it had to be top dressed in the grain ration once a week.
HOEGGER SUPPLY COMPANY
P.O. Box 331
Fayetteville, GA 30214
770-461-6926 FAX: 770-461-7334
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Supply Company. All rights reserved.
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Last modified: March 04, 2006
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